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The 10 most commonly used website security attacks

 The 10 Most Common Website Security Attacks

There are many different types of security attacks that can be used to break into a website. Some of the most common attacks are:

  • -Injection flaws – These occur when malicious code is inserted into a web page, causing it to execute unintended actions.
  • -Cross-site scripting (XSS) – This is a type of attack that exploits web browser vulnerabilities to inject malicious code into web pages viewed by other users.
  • -SQL injection – This type of attack exploits vulnerabilities in web applications that allow attackers to inject malicious SQL commands into the database.
  • -Buffer overflow – This occurs when an attacker sends too much data to a web server, causing the server to crash or to execute unintended actions on the user’s behalf.
  • -Phishing – This is an attack where attackers try to get victims to reveal confidential information by posing as legitimate websites or email addresses.
  • - Broken authentication and session management – This occurs when users’ credentials are stolen and used to access their account on a website.

1. SQL Injection: 

A type of attack that exploits vulnerabilities in a website’s database to gain access to sensitive information.

SQL injection is a type of security exploit in which an attacker inserts malicious SQL code into an application's input fields in order to gain access to a database.

 This attack can cause serious harm to a web application, as it can allow an attacker to view, modify, or delete data from the database. SQL injection is one of the most common web application security vulnerabilities, and it is important to be aware of it and take steps to protect against it.

2. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS): 

An attack that injects malicious code into a website’s code to execute malicious scripts.

Cross-site scripting (XSS) is an attack that injects malicious code into a website or web application. The malicious code can be used to access user data or even take control of their account. 

An example of an XSS attack is when an attacker injects a malicious script into a website that is then executed when a user visits the website. The malicious script could be used to steal user data, such as cookies or credit card numbers, or even take control of the user's account.

3. Brute Force Attacks: 

An attempt to guess a website’s login credentials by repeatedly trying different username and password combinations.

Brute force attacks are a type of attack that involves trying every possible combination of words and numbers until the correct password is found. They can be used to gain access to websites, networks, and other protected information.

 Brute force attacks can be time-consuming and difficult to detect since they rely on guessing and trial and error. To protect against this type of attack, organizations should use strong passwords and two-factor authentication. Additionally, they should consider using an intrusion detection system that monitors suspicious activity.

4. Denial of Service (DoS) Attacks: 

An attack that floods a website with so much traffic becomes inaccessible.

A Denial of Service (DoS) attack is a cyber-attack in which the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users by temporarily or indefinitely disrupting the services of a host connected to the Internet. 

DoS attacks typically occur when attackers use malicious code to flood a targeted machine or network with illegitimate requests, overloading it so that it cannot respond to legitimate traffic, or responding so slowly that it becomes unusable. Examples of DoS attacks include SYN floods, ping floods, and smurf attacks.

5. Malware and Virus Attacks: 

An attack that installs malicious software on a website or computer that can be used to steal or manipulate data. Malware and virus attacks are malicious attacks that attempt to damage computer systems and networks, steal sensitive data, and disrupt an organization's operations.

 Malware is software specifically designed to damage, disrupt, or gain unauthorized access to a computer system. Examples of malware include viruses, ransomware, spyware, and Trojans. 

A virus is a type of malware that replicates itself and spreads to other computers, usually through infected files or email attachments. Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a victim’s files and demands a ransom payment in order to unlock them. Spyware is a type of malware that spies on users, collecting their data and sending it back to the malicious actor. Trojans are malware disguised as legitimate software that can give the attacker access to the victim’s computer.

6. Phishing Attacks: 

An attack that attempts to acquire sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details by disguising itself as a trusted entity in an email or website.

Phishing attacks are malicious attempts to gain access to sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. 

Typically, the attacker will send an email or text message that appears to come from a legitimate source, such as a bank or other financial institution. 

The message will usually ask the recipient to click on a link and provide personal information, such as their username and password. Attackers can also use phishing emails to spread malware or direct victims to fraudulent websites. Organizations should have effective anti-phishing measures in places, such as employee training, email filtering, and website authentication.

7. Social Engineering Attacks: 

An attack that uses psychological manipulation to acquire sensitive information from unsuspecting victims. Social engineering is an attack where the attacker persuades someone to do something they wouldn't normally do by using their personal relationship or connection with the victim. This could involve tricking the victim into revealing personal information or performing a task they wouldn't normally do.

One of the most common social engineering attacks is phishing. Phishing is when the attacker sends an email that looks like it comes from a trusted source, like a bank or company, and asks the victim to input their personal information.

Another common social engineering attack is spoofing. Spoofing is when the attacker uses a fake website or email address to look like a legitimate source. The attacker might attempt to get the victim to reveal personal information by clicking on a link in the email or visiting a fake website.

There are also social engineering attacks that use technology. One example is a social engineering attack that uses malware. Malware is software that can be used to steal information or damage a computer. Social engineering attacks can be very successful, especially if the victim is not familiar with security measures or is not careful about how they handle personal information.

8. Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) Attacks: 

An attack that intercepts communications between two parties in order to steal data.

MitM attacks are a type of attack where a third party intervenes between the user and the target, intercepting and manipulating data in transit. This can allow attackers to eavesdrop on communications, steal data or inject malicious content.

9. Directory Traversal Attacks: 

An attack that attempts to gain access to restricted directories or files on a server by manipulating URLs or directory paths.

Directory traversal attacks are a type of attack that exploit weaknesses in directory structures. These attacks allow attackers to access files and directories outside of the intended scope of the directory structure.

10. Cookie Theft: 

An attack that steals a user’s cookies in order to gain access to their accounts.

In recent years, cookie theft attacks have become increasingly common, as criminals take advantage of people’s trust and hunger for tasty treats. In some cases, individuals may be tricked into giving away their cookies by a fraudulent caller or email, only to have them stolen later on.

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